Groundnut-Dry Fish Pepper soup

Okwu-oji is a spiced peanut paste served with garden eggs. One day at work, one colleague, P brings a rather large tub of Okwu-oji for another colleague, O. O is sure he’ll never see the bottom of the tub and so was glad to gift me some (that huge tub emptied out sooner than we thought but yeah, first impressions :)).

The instant he did, I knew I was going to put it in my pepper soup.


Why? Well, I’ve been thinking a lot about food pairing and extending flavours by reinforcing complementary elements.

See, some versions of Okwu-oji use ehuru – calabash nutmeg; or uda, grains of Selim – aromatic spices essential to pepper soup in the south of Nigeria.

Ehuru, Erhe, Calabash Nutmeg
Uda, Urheri, Grains of Selim


Read this: how to make Nigerian Pepper soup

Even before I tasted it, I knew it would work. Dry fish was the ready protein I had, its thick leathery skin ready to be softened in spiced water. 

When I cook fish pepper soup, of any sort – fresh or dried, I try to create a strong flavour base because there isn’t time enough to coax the depth of flavour bones would.

In a pot, I began by toasting the spice blend to release the oils and aromatics, stirring till I begin to smell it and then I added some water, salt, dry pepper and let it simmer for a bit.

Read this: How to make fish pepper soup

In another pot, my new yam cooked.

Once the soup had taken on flavour, I added my pieces of dry fish and simmered till the fish was warm all the way through.

Then I added a couple of dollops of the spiced peanut butter, stirring till it dissolved and the soup took on the right peanutty notes I desired, at which point I took it off the heat.

To serve, I  cut up the yam – not very precisely 🙂 and placed in the soup, each piece wearing a leaf.


The skin of the dry fish looks and chews like soft leather. I love it.


The soup was thick, not stew thick but luscious and nutty – pepper soup can truly accommodate other flavours like coconut and peanuts/ groundnuts and even vegetables (peep this carrot pepper soup recipe).

Read: How to make coconut peppersoup


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What additions do you think would work well in pepper soup?

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